Breast Cancer Prevention
Breast health
Breast Health issues | healthy lifestyle | points | prevention | self exam | investigations

 

Breast cancer prevention

 

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Women at high risk for breast cancer due to a strong family history on either their mother’s or father’s side have a number of options with regard to breast cancer prevention.

 

The first step is to put in place a breast health "safety belt". This should consist of the following:

 

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Twice yearly radiological assessment, either computer assist digital mammography, ultrasound and or MRI scans are used.

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Once yearly mammograms.

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Twice yearly clinical examinations.

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Exercise and healthy eating.

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Genetic testing, which is best done on women with breast cancer who have a strong family history. If the person with the breast cancer tests positive then the other members of the family should be tested. If the person with breast cancer tests negative then there is no point in testing the other family members.

Chemoprevention works on the grounds that interference with the oesterogen receptor pathway deceases the breast cancer risk. It has been ssen in womean with breast cancer that tamoxifen or Fareston decrease the chance of getting a breast cancer in the other breast by 50%, but the side effects experienced by some women can make compliance a problem. Evista (Raloxifene) is another useful drug that can decrease the breast cancer risk in post-menopauseal patients.

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Surgical prevention by risk reduction.

A preventative mastectomy can decrease a woman's chance of contracting cancer by 95% or more. Considering the great cosmetic and emotional impact a mastectomy can have, however, this is not an option to be taken lightly.