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Metastatic breast cancer
Note that breast cancer that has spread elsewhere can also be treated - 50% of patients with bone mets are alive 10 years later.
New chemotherapy regions and special laryet therapies have revolutionaised the management of patients whose breast cancer has spread elsewhere.
Metastatic breast cancer is a Stage IV cancer.
The choices of therapy for Stage IV breast cancer are shown in the following algorithm. DXT and surgery (toilet mastectomy) must be added where necessary (e.g. DXT for bone pain or impending paraplegia from a spinal secondary; toilet mastectomy for a foul smelling, fungating, breast tumour that makes life dreadful).
Watch out for these symptoms and contact your oncologist. The problems associated with disseminated breast cancer are:
Hypercalcaemia (High calcium).Patients may become very ill (severe vomiting) and the serum calcium will need to be decreased with biphosphonates if it is too high.